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IMC OnAir presents... Ragas in Indian Monsoon (2007, part 3/3)


Published October 2, 2007


IMC OnAir: Raga CDs des Monats (10/07) - Monsoonragas...

Wie in all unseren Sendungen "Raga CDs des Monats" hOeren Sie am 02. Oktober 2007 (Erstausstrahlung via Kabel/Antenne @ TideRadio96.0 - www.tidenet.de: 21:00-21:58) Beispiele original indisch-klassischer Musik, gespielt von renommierten Musikmeistern Indiens. Mit der Oktobersendung gibt's zum indischen Monsoon (Juli-Anfang Okt.) die Regenragas Megh, Megh Malhar, Miyan Ki Malhar und Gaud Malhar auf der Mohan-Veena (indische Slide-Gitarre), der Sarod und im Gesang.

Ragas im indischen Monsoon
Megh - Malhar

Indische Raga-s werde zu bestimmten Tages- oder Jahreszeiten (ritu) gespielt. Die Raga-s der Jahreszeiten und des Monsoons kOennen zu jeder Tages- und Nachtzeit gespielt werden.
In der Hindustani-Musik, der nordindischen Klassik, finden sich die ausdrucksstAerksten Ragakompositionen zur Regensaison wieder. Die Bandbreite des emotionalen Ausdrucks reicht von "majestAetisch" (veer rasa), pathetisch (karuna), freudvoll (sringar), bis zu "in Einsamkeit gefangen" (viraha - sringar).

In Indien liegt die Regenzeit (Megha - Barkha Ritu) zwischen der heissen Sommersaison (Bhairavi) und dem eigentlichen Herbst (Pancham). Der Monsoonzeit (Varsha Ritu) folgt der Post-Monsoon (Sharad Ritu = Herbst). Sharad Ritu beginnt zur Vollmondzeit im Oktober (in 2007 am 10.10.).

Die tiefe Verbundenheit der indischen BevOelkerung mit der Natur drUeck sich besonders in den Monsoonragas aus, mit der sich Stimmungen und Emotionen des Menschen ausdrUecken lassen. - Es ist kennzeichnend fUer die indische Kultur, sich zutiefst aus der Naturwelt inspirieren zu lassen, spiegelt die Natur selbst das GOettliche wieder.

Die Inder assoziieren den Monsoon mit schweren, dunklen Wolken, Winden, Regen, Blitzen, dem Treffen von Liebenden an Gewitterabenden, ein hAeufiges Motiv in Bollywoodfilmen. Man spricht dem Monsoon besonders die Eigenschaft zu, in der die Liebenden am Romantischsten sind.

In der post-monsoonen Zeit Sharad Ritu dominieren Jagdmelodien und GesAenge Ueber wolkenverhangene Monde, kUehle NAechte, Krishna, Liebende und Geliebte.
Der Begriff Malhar (Mallar oder Malaar) steht in Verbindung mit der Jahreszeit des Regens (rainy season). Malhar bedeutet in seinem Wortstamm "jenes, das den Schmutz wegwAescht" (that which washes away the dirt). Zum indischen Monsoon werden daher bevorzugt Raga-s aus der Malhargruppe gespielt.

Der Raga Malhar drUeckt die Freude der BlUetezeit aus. Er ist ein friedvoller und kUehlender Raga, mit einer 7-stufigen Skala, ein vollstAendiger Raga. Ausserhalb der Regenzeit kOennen die Malhar-Ragas zur spAeten Abendstunde oder dem frUehen Morgen gesungen und gespielt werden.

Viele Jahrhunderte lang war Raga Megh der Hauptrage der Malhar-Familie. Er wurde spAeter (und bis heute) abgelOest von Raga Miyan Ki Malhar.

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IMC OnAir: Raga CDs of the monthly (10/07) - Monsoon Ragas...

The October edition has a new thematic with focus onto Indian Monsoon Ragas e.g. the rainy season ragas Megh, Megh Malhar, Miyan ki Malhar and Gaud Malhar, played on the Mohan Veena (Indian Slide guitar), the Sarode and by vocals. On 2nd Oct 2007 in our regular show "Raga CDs of the Month" you can listen easily to some new examples of original Indian Classical Music interprated by renowned music maestros out of India.

Ragas in Indian Monsoon
M e g h - M a l h a r

Indian Ragas are played at certain times (day/night) or seasons (Ritu). The Ragas of the seasons and Monsoon (beginning of July till October) can be played at every day and night time.

In Hindustani music, the North Indian classical style, the strongest expression of Raga compositions appears to the rain season. The range of the emotional expression from "majestic" (veer Rasa), "pathetic" (Karuna), joyful (Sringar) to "in isolation imprisoned" (Viraha-Sringar).

In India the rain season (Megha- Barkha Ritu) lies between hot summer season (Bhairavi) and autumn (Pancham). With Monsoon time (Varsha Ritu) the post Monsoon (Sharad Ritu = autumn) is connected. Sharad Ritu begins at the full moon time in October (in 2007 on 10/10/).

The deep doing solidarity of the Indian population with nature is particularly expressed by the Monsoon ragas which can cover/express the whole nuances and shades of human emotions. - It's characteristic for Indian culture to be inspired from the nature world does nature on it's own reflect the Divine.

Indians associate the Monsoon with heavy, dark clouds, hoists (strong winds), rain, flash lightning and the 'get together' of lovers on thunderstorm evenings, a frequent motive in Bollywood scores. Particularly the characteristics of Monsoon is awarded for let be the loving most romantically.

In the time of post Monsoon - Sharad Ritu - dominate hunting melodies and singing with themes of cloud-imposed moons, cool nights, Krishna, loving and be-loved ones.
The term Malhar (Mallar or Malaar) is co-relating with the season of the rain. Malhar means "that one, which washes away the dirt". For Indian Monsoon preferentially Raga s from the Malhar group are performed.

The Raga Malhar expresses the joy of the bloom time. It is a peacefully and refreshing Raga, with a seven (7) note scale, a complete Raga. Outside of the rain time the Malhar Ragas can be sung and played at the late evening hour or in early morning.

Over centuries Raga Megh was the main raga of the Malhar family. Later (and until today) Megh has been replaced of Raga Miyan ki Malhar.
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Date 2007-10-02 21:00:00
Source IMC OnAir - www.imcradio.net
Run time 58 min. (part 1 – part 3)


Notes

Ragas are the frame work of the Indian Classical Music. They describe the emotional expression and define the material of notes. All IMC broadcasting shows present original recordings, produced in India and published / distributed from Indian Music Labels.

... complete programme with all details (inclusive podcasting) see www.imcradio.net (German/English language site).

India meets Classic presents “Ragas in Indian Monsoon” (part 1 of 3)

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